Hinduism is a Universal Religion
It is a synthesis of approaches. Even the name “Hinduism”came late. The original name is Sanaat’ana Dharma, Eternal Truth. We can pick up and understand “that Truth” in any way we like. In this great religion we leave real freedom of choice in worship, in approaching that One Supreme Entity, that we call God.
Hinduism is an ancient religion and its origin could be dated back to BC 1500 .
In 2500 BCE, the people who lived in India were the Dravidian’s In 1500 BCE, a group called the Aryans invaded India and forced the Dravidian’s to move south. These Aryans brought with them their sacred text called “The Vedas” which can be called the earliest form of Hinduism. In the 2nd century BCE, another text came up, which came to be called the “Upanishads,” which is the text most Hindus follow today.
The Upanishads preach about FAR more than one god. However, the three most prominent, Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the preserver), and Shiva (the destroyer), together form what is called the “Trimurti”. There are also female goddesses (called Devi), some of the most popular being Kali, the destroyer of evil and Durga, the protector. In total, the gods of Hinduism total into the billions, but only a small handful are actually worshiped. However, during their daily rituals (called puja), they select one god in particular and place them above the others temporarily.
So, the earliest forms of Hinduism came about 1500 BCE, and there are three main gods that Hindus worship.
In Hindu thought, there is room for everything, not only the nice, refined philosophies. Even the simple, ordinary crude forms of worship are accepted, because that’s where some people begin. They believe in that, like a baby playing with a wooden horse, taking it to the water, putting grass into its mouth and saying, “Come on, horsey, come and eat.” You don’’t laugh at the child, because that’s the way a child begins.
Hinduism never rejects or denies anything or anybody. It is a big ocean.It could be called Sindhuism .”Sindhu” in some of the Indian languages means “ocean.” It never says, “Only Ganga and Godavari may enter; Missouri and Mississippi must stay out.” No ,they all flow in. Even the city gutter water goes in. It’s as if the big ocean mamma says, “Come, my child, I know you went around and got dirty. Come in, and I will clean you up.” Even atheism is accepted. The Hindus know that the moment you say, “I don’’t believe in God,”you seem to accept a God. If there is not God, why do you want not to believe? You say, that there is a God, but you don’t believe in it. A true Hindu will have no problem in accepting all other faiths. He will never say,”Oh, I am only a Hindu. I am not a Catholic. I’’m not a Buddhist. I’’m not a Muslim.” They are all based on devotion, the Bhakti Yoga. The ocean never denies any water; it’s all embracing. That is why sometimes I like to call myself “Undo,” because I would like to undo “all limitations”.
All of our problems today are based on the attitude that, “My way, my approach is the right one. And if you don’’t follow this, you’ll be condemned.”There is no one way, because each mind is different. Each person conceives of God according to his capacity, taste and temperament. You have your way. You have the freedom and the right to follow it; but your following “your way” should not cause problems to others. Just as you have your freedom, others must also have the freedom to find peace and joy,- in their own way.
It’s very, painful to see people hurting each other, even killing one another, in the name of God and religion. Even in the name of Hinduism, you find religious quarrels. People who see God as S’iva didn’t want to see God as Vishnu. S’aivites and Vaishnavites quarrel. It is our lack of understanding [of our own religion]; we don’’t see the underlying spirituality behind all the diversities in the creation.
Religion has a very important role to play in the world. Unfortunately, it forgets that role, and the different religions fight with one another. We have enough money, enough land, enough food to feed, clothe and house everyone. Poverty and hunger are not due to lack of resources. The reason is that we are not caring and sharing. We have to open and change the hearts of the people. That can be done only through religious understanding;- to help them see that we are all children of that One Absolute God, one global, divine family. There is only one God who is our Lord, who is the life in us. Like rain in the river going back to the ocean, every drop of water that wants to go back to its source is a religious seeker.
God above is like completely distilled water. When it falls down on one side of the river, it is called Heavenly Father. On the other side, they call it Allah. If it falls in the Himalayas, they call it Siva. We may call this One God: Brahma, Father, Mother, Adonai, Cosmic Consciousness, Divine Essence, etc. But we mean the same thing. God is pleased with any name we give Him. He doesn’t care what we call Him, but rather how we feel about Him.
In the Ve’d’aant’ic part of the Hindu scriptures, it says that God has no name or form. So we find it hard to communicate. Due to our limitations, we can never comprehend something without a form. For example, if I say”sweetness”, how would you understand sweetness? Immediately, you have to think of sugar or money or candy. Without a form, you cannot understand sweetness. That is the reason why we try to understand God through forms and names. Otherwise God is formless. The Saiva Saint Manikkavasagar said, “You don’t have a name; You don’t have a form, but we approach You with thousands of names and thousands of forms. You accept all our approaches.”
The beauty and greatness of Hinduism is that it allows real freedom of choice in worship. There is room for the Ve’d’aant’in who approaches God within as his own Self without any form. If you wish to approach God through a form, there is S’iva, or Vishnu, or Kumaara; or as a Goddess Durga, Lakshmi, Saraswati and others. If you don’’t believe in a human form of God, you can worship a tree, a snake ora stone. You can see God in any form you want, because God made everything in his own image; everything is His expression. [-as declared by the MahaaVaakyaasin the Ve’d’aas.]
It is my heartfelt player that we all make this resolution: “From this day onward, my life will be all-embracing and harmonious. Let me learn to accept all the various approaches of people, because everyone is looking for the same happiness and joy in life. Let me not condemn anybody because he or she looks, thinks or, acts a little different. Let me realize the spiritual unity behind all the diversities in the creation and remember always that we are members of one divine family. This, in my own small, humble way, may contribute to the peace, joy, and harmony of the world.”
Hinduism is the culmination of various deities Hinduism has two distinct emergence’s one before the Aryan invasion and the other after Aryan invasion. Roots of Hinduism goes to the land of the Dravidas. The whole of Tamil civilization was led by Lord Shiva. He with his wife Goddess Meenatchi ruled the Tamil lands. Lord Shiva and Lord Muruga presided the first and second sangams dating back to 3000 BC to 18000 BC. These are mentioned in 12 Thirumurais and in Tamil siddhars texts. Similar such inscriptions are found in many south Indian temples. Shaivism and Vaishnavism both flourished even before the Aryan advent.The second phase of Hinduism is the advent of Vedic Hinduism dating to 2000 BC, with its text primarily beliving in Brahman ,Agni, Mitra,….. also includes Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu in its texts.However, Hinduism is one of the oldest and most unique ever growing religion.
Hinduism is much much older than SANATHANA DHARMA. This Vedic religion is a young religion compared to Hinduism. Vedic religion came to India only after Aryan invasion. Saivism and Vaishnavism existed even before this confused Vedic religion came into existence.
Tamil Sangam age dates back to 30000 bc confirms the presence of Lord Siva by the great saint ThiruNavukkarasar in his poems. Nobody knows about these facts. Vedic people should come out of the shell and accept the truth.
Hinduism is never a static religion and will keep on evolving. But the Vedic religion is already static thousands of years ago. That is the reason the followers of the Vedic religion also became static and sing the same old song. They do not challenge anything or make an inquiry.
Hinduism is a polytheistic religion. A religion which has plenty of gods and goddesses.
According to hindu mythology there are gods called ‘devas’ and evil forces called ‘asuras’. They are in the opposite sides for power and control and most of the time fighting.
The universe is controlled primarily by three: Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the sustain-er), Siva (the destroyer).
In the ancient times almost all the forces of nature in-front of which men could not stand were worshiped as deities.Thus there are plenty of gods and goddesses and temples allocated to them.
The hindu philosophy is tolerative and has a positive attitude towards incorporating number of beliefs and practices though sometimes seems contradicting.
The two main lines of hindu philosophy are the two contradictory principles whether the soul and body are one or two different entities.
The theory advaita of Shankaracharya holding the body and soul are one, gained attention for universal discussion.
The main religious texts of Hindu religion are Vedas and Upanishads.